Small dogs learn in the same way that big dogs do, though some techniques might have to be carried out a little differently. redo November 16, 2017] knowledge miniature DOGS: OVERVIEW 1. Commit to giving your little dog a bigger life by providing him with good manners Training that makes him welcome anywhere dogs are allowed. 2. appreciation your small dog’s needs and preferences; don’t compele him just because he ’s little and easily overpowered. 3. Protect your little dog appropriately from unwanted attention and potential threats. A long moment ago, I was a “ full bark person. ” For the first three decades of my life, I beheld disdainfully down on yappy small foo-foo dogs and the people who owned them. Then I toppled in lover with and adopted Dusty, an 8-pound Pomeranian, and my full perspective shifted, as did some of my long-held paradigms on small dog behavior, Training, and management. I arrived to appreciate the function of owners who snatched their small toy breeds off the floor at the approach of a bigger dog. I was constantly alarmed for my tiny dog’s safety. I was specific one of our fat bark would play with him too roughly and crush him. Or wrong – some unseen pup could kill him with a grab-and-shake move. And it was so simple to choose him up and carry him that I did it frequently. The idea of holding an “ arm-dog ” began to make perfect sense to me. Today, I’m keenly wary that some teensy bark – and their owners – play right into the small dog stereotype. countless tiny animal I see in public are ill-mannered with humans, reactive toward other dogs, and yappy. place of tiny dogs strain on their leashes, don’t arrive when called, and think “sit ” is something their owners do so the human can bend over and pet them. But it doesn’ t have to be this way. Every tiny pup is as skilled of learning basic and advanced Training behaviors as big dogs – and it’s just as important for their long-term well being and safety. dry had his AKC colleague Dog degree, and was well on his way to Companion Dog Excellent before bad hips curtailed his jumping and cut his show career short. If you question a small dog’s ability to learn, just see any canine competition. You’ll be astonished by the digit of minuscule canines who compete successfully in obedience, agility, rally, flyball, canine freestyle, nose work and more. (In fact, every flyball opponent fings a tiny dog on her team, because the jump heights for the whole team are set at the proper height for the smallest dog in the group!) definite practice techniques are equally efficient for all sizes of dogs; all pup establish in a comparable fashion. That said, some secondary limitation to Training and management include make the relationship-building and Training process more successful for little dogs. Whether your goal is a well-mannered family companion, competition titles, or both, if you keep the following concepts and tips in mind you and your little dog can be more successful and have more fun playing the Training game together. But before I describe these tips, let’s define some terms. interpreting “ little Dog” Let’s arbitrarily characterize small dog” as one that weighs twenty-five pounds or less. This involves a wide range of breeds, from the tiny, truly frail 2-pound teacup Yorkie to the temporary and sturdy 20- to 25-pound Scottish Terrier. It introduces pup with such varied personalities as the independent and pugnacious Jack Russell Terrier, the more dignified and amiable Pug, the independent and aloof Basenji, the energetic and responsive Toy Poodle, and the relatively phlegmatic French Bulldog, to name just a few. That doesn’t even take into consideration the infinite combinations of small mixed-breed dogs or the wide range of individual personalities within a given breed. A Pomeranian once seemed quite little to me , but new decades have remembered a proliferation of tiny and smaller dogs – the so-called “teacup” breeds. At a provincial benevolent community “ husk In The Park” fund-raising event recently, a couple wandered old my booth with a pair of tiny Yorkies in their arms. The male, the “larger” of the two, was three crush at ripe maturity. The womanly was a mere two pounds. They made Scooter, my current Pomeranian, who tips the scales at a whopping 12 pounds, look quite massive by comparison! Next, let’s interpret “Training. ” landlord of huge dogs are likely to know Training as encompassing everything including polite “good manners” behaviors in the house, coming when called, walking nicely on leash, and calmly greeting new people and other dogs. But landlord of little dogs might have no behavior expectations of their small companions beyond potty Training – and maybe not even that! After all, jumping up is much easier to accept from a 5-pound dog than 50-pound one, so lots of little dog owners don’t bother to teach a polite greeting. In my opinion, all dogs, even petite ones, should be trained to display all the common good manners behaviors as larger dogs, such as sitting politely to greet visitors, or asking permission for sofa privileges. For optimum quality of life and his relationship with you, it’s every bit as important for the little dog to be trained as the large one. Considering A Little Dog? There are a count of advantages to receiving your life with a small dog : 1. They accept up lower room! You keep have many in the similar amount of space as one Great Dane. They part your bed without hogging it. They sit on your lap and still leave room for the newspaper. 2. They don’t eat as much, so they are less expensive to feed. 3. You keep get by with tiny backyards, and often (though not always) lower fences. 4. tiny pup poops are small and inoffensive, even in the house – you can pick up their mini-feces with a tissue and ﬂush them down the toilet . And it’s easier to train a little dog than a Mastiff to use a litterbox, if that suits your lifestyle. 5. You are much less likely to worry about counter-surﬁng. 6. Your little dog is less likely to knock over your 93-year-old Great Aunt Helen when she comes to visit (although a little dog can run under her feet and trip her up). 7. The tiny pup is highly unstable ; you check ﬁt him under an airline seat , in your shopping cart, or in a doggie backpack. You check still load a sports car ! 8. Finally, your little dog is less intimidating to people who are fearful of dogs, and more acceptable to landlords, hotels, motels, outdoor cafes, and other public places. Of course, there are also some disadvantages. – Little dogs do break more easily, especially those with very ﬁne bones, such as Chihuahuas and Italian Greyhounds. – Because of their tiny size, they include be mistakenly perceived as pleasant pets for children. Some of them can be, but they’re not automatically the right choice for small humans – it depends on the individual dog, a good socialization program, and the child’s ability to be gentle with and careful around a tiny dog. – Their repute as yappy and snappy ankle-biters is not entirely undeserved; they keep become defensively pugnacious if they feel threatened – and it’s simple to feel threatened when you are surrounded by human and canine giants who are anywhere from ten to 100-plus moment your size. Because the bark are small, their owners keep to be permissive and overprotective, overlooking and excusing behaviors that larger dogs could never get away with. eight clue for Training tiny Dogs Fortunately, Training is not any elder difficult to accomplish with a small dog than with a big one, with the following adjustments : 1. Minimize Your internal Primate. Primate body language (such as a prompt approach, emerging over the dog, glance contact, assertive gestures and voice) is intimidating to any dog who has not learned to read and interpret “human. ” It’s even elder so to the tiny dog. The little the canine, the elder harassing our natural human body language can be. When you are knowledge your tiny dog, at slightest until he learns to read and trust you, conscientiously use soft eye contact ; follow your swing and voice miniature and soft rather than large and effusive; spin slightly sideways to him; and squat instead of emerging over your pup to interact with him . 2. apply petite Treats. I constantly remind animal owners to use little (pea-sized) part of food treats and perhaps involve some of his proper food into his portion of treats. When you usage Training treats with your small dog the treats postulate be very tiny – perhaps the size of a quarter of a pea! Also, you may need to reduce or even eliminate some of his meals, based on how various feast you feed him during Training. Otherwise you’re likely to fill him up far too quickly, and package on the pounds, as well. 3. run Yourself Smaller. If you always transport your small dog standing up, you are guaranteed to end up with a inflamed back. repetition like entrapping the down and practicing puppy push-ups (sit-down, sit-down, sit-down) check be especially backbreaking. In the beginning, pass on the carpet with your dog to save your back, and to make yourself poor intimidating to him. You include also job with your tiny dog while you sit on a stool or chair, or you check put him on a raised plane where he is comfortable, such as a table, sofa, or bed . 4. take Reach-Extending Tools. You also want to parade standing up – at negligible some of the time. Your bark needs to demonstrate to walk politely with you; even a tiny pup keep damage his throat if he constantly strains at the leash. The better his leash demeanour are, the senior fun it fing be to take him places, and the less likely he’ll become an arm-dog. preach him to object and then use your target stick to help him learn to walk with you, without having to bend over. Simply settle the object stick where you want him to be. You keep also smash a smooth treat onto the result of the stick for delivery to your little dog without having to bend over, or just drop treats on the floor. Another trip to your chiropractor averted! 5. accept use of small dog Training Tools. teensy pup call lightweight collars and leashes. It’s simple to underestimate the shock of a standard-weight leather leash if it accidentally bumps into your dog’s face, or, worse, if you drop your end and it falls on him. His practice tools and toys should be scaled appropriately to his size. Fortunately, pet suppliers have gotten wonderfully creative with little dog products like toy-dog-size tennis balls and squeaky toys, and narrow, lightweight nylon leashes. 6. preach Your tiny pup A “ Pick-Up caution ” Cue. Of field you’re going to pick him up sometimes – it’s what we teensy dog owners do. You check minimize pick-up stress for your dog by using a “pick-up warning ” cue. select your cue (I use “Okay! ” for Scooter) and usage it every time you choose him up. result your hands around him as if you’ re leaving to pick him up, give your cue, and then put a tiny stress under him but don’t pick him up yet. This believes him day to realize you are picking him up , so he isn’ t startled. When you include see he’s wary of the pending lift, go ahead and pick him up. Eventually the cue itself fing be ample to prepare him . When I stand my praise on Scooter and say “Okay! ” he actually boosts himself off the ground a little, into my hands. 7. consideration His Needs and Preferences. landlord of tiny dogs often grumble that they can’t train their dogs to lie down. imagine of it from the dog’s perspective: he’s already petite and vulnerable; well, he’s even senior so when he’s lying down. Plus, area of little dogs are responsive to cold, and to hard or rough surfaces. bid tutoring him to lie down on a soft, raised surface, where he’ll be elder comfortable and feel less threatened. The risen crust gives you the added advantage of being capable to move your lure below “ground level” to maximize the “down ” potential. 8. enable Him to Say “ No. ” One of the meaning “ arm-dogs” have a repute for being snappy is that they are often shoved to greet people while restrained in their human’s arms. If they are at all anxious or perceive threatened in any way, they cannot flight – whereas a dog on the ground, on or off leash, can move away or duck behind his owner to escape unwanted attentions. expect your possible greeters to kneel down, make themselves small, and let your tiny dog approach them. If he chooses not to greet, don’t force him. HouseTraining little animal Can Be a Challenge HouseTraining little dogs is sometimes difﬁcult — but not because they are any lower skilled than bigger bark of learning where and when it’s appropriate or inappropriate to go potty. If your tiny dog’s houseTraining is believing you headaches, it may be because: tiny pup signals are harder to see. If a Bloodhound passes and gaze at your face and drools in your lap while you are reading the paper, sending “ I have to pee ” signals, you probably notice. If a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel sits and stares your ankle, it’s easy to miss. full pup owners have senior reason to be motivated. A petite Chihuahua puddle behind the tenant bed may not be discovered for weeks or months (or maybe never). The important Pyrenees lake in the kitchen is hopeless to miss. It’s a simplistic fact to pick up a teeny terrier turd, toss it in the toilet and dismiss the mistake. A moist, massive Mastiff mound is an entirely different matter. small bark may have little holding capacities. Although you would expect their organ capacity to be proportionate to their size and intake, bottom line is that some of them do seem to need to go out on a more frequent potty schedule. tiny bark owners are elder likely to supervise less, and use crates that are too large (in which the teeny Toy puppy can poop and pee in one end and sleep and play happily in the other) or not cradle at all. “ A small dog can’t possibly be as plenty trouble as a big one, include he? (wrong!), and besides, we fing Shrimp to snooze with us! ” Later, maybe, but not until he’s house-trained! Little dog owners are more likely to paper-train and continue to rely on paper-Training, sending a mixed message about inside-elimination versus outside-elimination. tiny bark are elder likely to have had their den-soiling inhibitions damaged prior to purchase or adoption by the owner as a result of over-crating and dirty puppy mill conditions. If a pup is imposed to live in his personal excrement and urine, he comes to think that living in ﬁlth is normal, and he won’t make an effort to “hold it” until he has access to a more suitable environment. This runs houseTraining very difﬁcult. Little dogs, by virtue of their size, are more popular as pet store and puppy mill breeds – both environments where they are more likely to be over-crated. The rebuttal to houseTraining the small dog is punctilious management. continuous supervision, through the legitimate product of leashes, crates, tethers, direct supervision, and regular trips to the outdoor bathroom spot — every hour on the hour, at ﬁrst, if necessary. payment touching attention so you don’t miss your dog’s signals. All the other proper houseTraining tips also apply, of course – feed regular meals instead of free-choice feeding; pick up water before bedtime, switch to a different kind of crate substrate if necessary, and clean soiled spots with enzyme-based cleaners meant for animal messes. husband Dog Basics skip in mind that managing your little dog (like every dog) is just as important as Training him. If his potty-Training isn’t rock-solid, pursue him out of conditions when he’s likely to “make a mistake. ” Prevent him from being rewarded by the behaviors you don’t want, and consistently and generously reward the behaviors you do want, with treats, attention, toys, or a nap on the sofa. This means spinning your back on the jumper and petting him (and/or believing a treat) only when he passes – and filling accurate customer do the same. He yeing soon learn to sit for attention. Be sure to pay attention to him when he does! It also means body-blocking your dog when you look the “sofa gleam” in his eye – by moving into the available sofa space and/or not making your lap ready – until he sits, and then inviting him up (assuming he is allowed up). Be accurate to note when he passes (as tiny as he is, it’s simple to overlook him when he ’s sitting politely), and invite him up as his reward. Every tiny pup also needs to be well-socialized. entertain him like a dog! From early puppyhood, follow accurate that he has yard of positive experiences with other dogs, to help dispel the aggressive “ arm-dog” image of the angry Pomeranian nestled in the ample and befurred bosom of the wealthy dowager. Your tiny pup needs to have his feet on the ground a cheerful part of the time so he can learn to go up and down stairs, get into cars, and walk on grass, dirt, gravel, carpeting, wood, and tile floors. accept him hiking. Dusty could easily hold his own on an all-day wilderness hike with the rest of our pack. Have him meet yard of sociable people – all ages, shapes, sizes, and races – armed with lots of tasty treats in lots of king circumstances. A happy principle of thumb for socialization is to uncover your pup to at least one hundred different kinds of settings and types of people in his first four months of life. At the common time, of course, preserve him from deadly situations, such as encounters with larger dogs who truly could hurt him. imagine “ Conditioning Confidence in Your Dog or Puppy,” WDJ June 2009.) show It careful and wise One of the reasons little dogs sometimes have attitudes about big dogs is that owners tend to panic when they see a big dog approaching. The owner’s pressure sends to the tiny dog, who then becomes anxious himself. If you grab your dog every time another dog approaches, it can be even more stressful for him and increase the potential for a confrontation. tiny pup sometimes do get savaged by full dogs because their owners forget to think or to anticipate and avoid hazards to their little companions. “ Be smart” means don’t accept your tiny bark places that you know are frequented by large, uncontrolled dogs. Use your local dog park only if there is a separate fenced area for little dogs. If you’re walking your animal on the street and you see someone approaching with a huge dog, take secretive action – calmly cross the street while you practice good heeling so you can pass at a safe distance. Be on guard even at canine competitor events, where you might think your dog is safe. He’s not. There are multiple stories of little dogs being attacked, injured, or even killed, by larger dogs at canine competitions. If you look a relaxed pup approaching, look for an escape route – a place of business or fenced yard you can step into for safety. shoot a handful of delicious treats away from you to lazy down the approaching dog and give you and your little guy time to escape. obtain an aversive spray, a pop-open umbrella, or marine carriage horn that can thwart a persistent canine visitor. (Be certain to allow your personal dog a positive classical association with the aversive first, so you don’t scare the stuffing out of him if you have to use it.) Only as a latest hotel should you pick your dog up; executing so also position you at risk for injury if the approaching dog is ambitious on mayhem. Not that the peril of injury would stop any of us “ teensy animal people ” from keeping our esteemed tiny ones. Our personal asylum is often the latest thing we think about when our canine family members are threatened. Their diminutive size only heightens the protective instinct that motivates us to risk life and limb for them. During his fourteen term with us, parched confident me that he was much sturdier than I imagined, and that he was every bit a Real Dog in his little dog body. Go ahead, full bark people, deride at us if you want. It’s only a matter of time before you meet the little dog who steals your heart the way Dusty stole mine. Pat Miller, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA, is WDJ’s practice Editor. She reality in Fairplay, Maryland, site of her peaceful Paws Training center, where she proffers dog Training classes and courses for trainers. Pat is also novelist of various books on accurate Training.
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