Dear friend, you’re welcome to the Africa Business Classroom (ABC)Today we want to share with you how to start your own successful Maize farming/cultivation business in Nigeria. Maize farming is one of the crop farming that is very unsuitable for Nigerians, reckoning our important arable land. Unlike rice farming, plenty senior of our farm can easily be used for Maize farming Today we’ll discussing how you can start your own Maize farming business in Nigeria orientation to Maize Farming in Nigeria Maize farming is as old as man itself, and it has been done commercially in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular for decades now. Maize farming is a high-potential opportunity for Nigeria and its people, especially those who are willing to learn how to turn a business idea as this to wealth. Maize is perhaps the most common food crop in Nigeria, and also the most important as it is eaten in various dishes and forms the basis for most of the meals prepared by the average Nigerian family. As we all know, corn is a crop cheaper than rice and wheat, two of the other most consumed cereals, and this affordability makes Maize hugely popular. The savvy agribusiness investor stands to make a sizeable amount of money through commercial Maize farming. Why Maize farming in Nigeria? Maize, also known as corn, is one of the farm produce that gives an incredible return on investment, as one seed of planted Maize could return more than 500 kernels of corn come harvest season. A little monetary investment in corn farming can therefore yield a sizeable level of income and profit after a little while. Maize matures very fast. Between making and harvest time, a farmer needs to wait only between three or four months. Therefore cultivating just 5000 kernels of corn, a farmer can harvest not less than 2.5 million kernels of the same Maize in less than 120 days. What more, Maize is a hardy plant, and is one of the few crops that can grow on a vast array of soils and can survive in different climatic conditions. It necessity sunlight to burgeon and Nigeria is a country blessed with ample sunlight; Maize can therefore be grown successfully in almost every state of the country. Maize survives a major food crop in Africa, Latin America and Asia where it is primarily used as human food; in developed countries though, Maize is one of the most important raw materials for animal feed production and biofuels. Maize also forms the basis for the production for most animal feeds in Nigeria. Without it, the livestock farmer urge probably be invalid to rear his livestock. The production of meat, eggs and dairy products (like milk and yoghurt) would be difficult without Maize, which is a hugely important ingredient in animal feed. The deal for Maize/Corn in Nigeria There are three major markets for Maize and its allied products in Nigeria. bulb as Human Consumption: Unlike in developed countries where a major portion of Maize produced is used for animal feed or biofuel, Maize is a significant part of diets in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular. scholar require that the demand for Maize as adolescent nourishment will increase in tandem with Nigeria’s population growth. There will therefore also be a higher demand for corn (Maize)This market currently accounts for about 50 per cent of the Nigerian corn demand. tuber as Animal Feed: tuber is a advantageous rough material for animal feeds, mainly because it is cheaper than many of the other feed alternatives and yet provides the required nutritional content for livestock. As a result, about 35 percent of corn produced in Nigeria is used in animal feed production. Maize for Industrial Consumption: It is estimated that about fifteen per cent of Nigeria’s recent Maize produce goes for industrial use, due to its high starch content. The starch obtained from Maize is processed into several additives, agents and ingredients such as sorbic acid, sorbitol, dextrine, and lactic acid. These are used in the manufacture of common household items such as cosmetics, ink, medicines and wall paint. If you’ve eaten popcorn before, you know you’ve eaten the product of MaizeOther by-products from Maize are shoe polish, batteries, syrups, ice cream, and glue. Companies such as Nestle and Cadbury also buy corn to produce cereal-based breakfast brands like corn flakes, while companies such as Nigerian Breweries and Guinness purchase Maize to use as a major raw material for the production of beer. In industrialized countries, the starch from Maize is also used to produce bioethanol, a form of renewable fuel. Nigeria is aiming to achieve this level of sophistication as well. How to move a Maize Farming Business in Nigeria When read to the husbandry of countless other crops, the cultivation of Maize is incredibly easy. described below are stage to take when beginning a Maize farm in Nigeria: discover unsuitable land: To begin any planting venture, Maize planting inclusive, a farmer first has to find suitable and arable land. While it is a hearty mill that check be grown almost anywhere, corn grows best in rich loamy or sandy-loamy soil. Such soil also has to be well-drained area and situated on a fairly flat landscape. Maize does not do well in waterlogged areas, so if a farmer has to use a piece of land that is not well drained, there is a need to make ridges or mounds to protect the crops from waterlogging. discover a unsuitable climate condition for your Maize plantation: Because Maize does exceptionally well when it has an adequate supply of sunlight, the land has to be in the open and free from any kind of shade that prevents sunlight from reaching the planted Maize. discover and usage only the right varieties of corn: In some localities, white bulb is senior familiar than the yellow variety, while the yellow is more popular in other areas. A sensible farmer will plant the variety that is more popular and more likely to be demanded in his locality. In general however, the best Maize varieties are those that are fast-growing, high yielding, and disease-resistant. It is very critical that a farmer repays adjacent attention to the health of the Maize seeds he plans to plant. Only germ from consistent sources should be planted, and farmers should avoid buying Maize seeds from free nearby markets, as these seeds could already be contaminated by disease . Also, the recommended varieties for early season planting differs from what is recommended for late season planting, so farmers need to be aware and informed. classify your tuber market before you start your Maize farming: A farmer will do well to identify his/her corn market before starting a Maize farm. He has to determine if he will use middlemen to get his produce to the market, or sell his corn directly to the retailer. There are three steps to making this determination and three basic questions to ask. A)
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