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US China Trade War Blog | International Trade & Customs Law

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After separate notice and comment proceedings, in June and August USTR released two lists of Chinese imports, with a combined annual trade value of approximately $50 billion, with the goal of obtaining the elimination of China’s harmful acts, policies and practices. Kudlow stated on September 17th on MSNBC that President Trump has “not been satisfied” with trade talks with China and confirmed the U.S. was preparing additional tariffs because Beijing’s economic reforms were moving in the wrong direction. But even if the Trump Administration had given a clear policy direction as to its ultimate targets in trade negotiations, apparently to date China has not given the US any indication that it will address the U.S. core complaints on the theft of intellectual property and forced technology transfers. Unless capitalist powers can keep finding new markets abroad to soak up the surplus, Lenin theorized, they would face an economic implosion, throwing millions out of work, bankrupting thousands of companies and wrecking their financial systems. Two recent examples are the Commerce Department’s decision to expand antidumping (“AD”) and countervailing duty (“CVD”) orders on hardwood plywood to cover ready to assemble cabinets sold to the construction industry and the problem of third country/Canadian imports.

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      US Red_China retail War Blog . International traffic & amp ; Customs Law . quarters About This web_log Bios Contact Archives Abbreviations Photography Links Bill Perry September 19 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP TRADE WAR , SPEECH , three hundred and one TARIFF $ 200 BILLION IN IMPORTS , three hundred and one PRODUCT EXCLUSION PROCESS , WIDENING AD / CVD ORDERS , EXCLUSIONS SECTION two hundred and one NAFTA , US EU AGREEMENT , NEW AD CASE Arrow Watch Tower Forbidden City Beijing China TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM "Se Convierte En" (spanish for 'BECOMES') DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 20 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR UPDATE - OCTOBER 1 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , As many will know because of the " Presse " ( french for ' press ' ) updates , yesterday the United States and Canada reached agreement with Mexico on a New NAFTA , now known as the USMCA , the US Mexico Canada Agreement . Note that the term “ Free Trade ” has been removed . As President Trump "Имеет" (russian for 'has') so clearly illustrated , Free Trade Agreements or FT . As are not truly free trade agreements , they are government managed trade . To see the text of the New USMCA go to this link at the United States Trade Representative , " Https : /// Trade " ( polish for ' https:///trade ' ) - agreements / free - trade - agreements / united - states - mexico - canada - agreement / united - states - mexico . If anyone has any questions , please feel free to contact me . Best regards , Bill Perry US CHINA TRADE WAR – SEPTEMBER 19 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , This blog post "意志" (japanese for 'will') go into detail about the Section three hundred and one China IP case and the September 17th decision to impose the ten TO 25 % " Tariffer " ( norwegian for ' tariffs ' ) against an additional $ 200 billion in imports from China , the Product Exclusion process for tariffs on the $ 16 billion , the growing orbit of US antidumping ( “ AD ” ) and countervailing duty ( “ CVD ” ) cases , and more exclusions n the Section two hundred and one Solar case . Will then comment briefly on the NAFTA , Europe negotiations and the new AD case against Mattresses from China . If anyone "持っている" (japanese for 'has') any questions or wants additional " Informasjon " ( norwegian for ' information ' ) , please feel free to contact me at my e - mail address bill@. Best regards , Bill Perry OCTOBER 9TH SPEECH HOUSTON TEXAS TRUMP & amp ; US CHINA TRADE WAR On October 9 , 2018 , I will be speaking at a Trade and Intellectual Property symposium at the Petroleum Club in Houston Texas . The specific topic of my speech will be Current Topics Regarding Trump / China , Trade War Or Trade Agreements , Fact & amp ; Fiction . Attached is " 情報 " ( japanese for ' information ' ) about the speech and the Symposium . ninety - eight HOUSTON IP Symposium Invite If anyone is interested , please feel free to contact me . TRUMP ’S TRADE WAR AND THE SECTION three hundred and one CASE – 10 % TARIFFS ON $ 200 BILLION EFFECTIVE SEPTEMBER 24TH On September 17th , President Trump announced his decision to impose a 10 % tariff on the third list of $ 200 billion in imports from China effective September 24 , two thousand and eighteen On January 1 , 2019 , the 10 % " 関税 " ( japanese for ' tariff ' ) "Θα" (greek for 'will') rise to 25 % . The list of items on the $ 200 billion list subject to the 25 % tariff is attached . Tariff List_09.17.18 in $ 200 billion With regard to the third $ 200 billion list in the Section three hundred and one case , in August there were five days of hearings with over three hundred US companies and over 9,000 companies and groups of companies filed written comments by September 6 , two thousand and eighteen Those comments were to try and persuade USTR to exclude certain " Δασμολόγιο " ( greek for ' tariff ' ) categories from the list of subject tariff items . Product exclusion requests are filed after the USTR issues its determination to try and get specific products out of the tariff line item subject to the 25 % tariff . By September 6th , we filed numerous comments for importers and groups of importers of products ranging from wood doors and cabinets to aluminum curtain wall and paper gift bags . In many instances , there is no production of these specific items in the United States . In the attached Presidential Proclamation , PRESIDENTIAL DECISION $ 200 BILLION , President Trump stated : “ Today , following seven weeks of public " Remarquer " ( french for ' notice ' ) , hearings , and extensive opportunities for comment , I "指示された" (japanese for 'directed') the United States Trade Representative ( USTR ) to proceed with placing additional tariffs on roughly $ 200 billion of imports from China . The tariffs will take effect on September 24 , two thousand and eighteen and be set at a level of ten percent until the end of the year . On January 1 , the tariffs will rise to twenty - five percent . Further , if China takes retaliatory " Acción " ( spanish for ' action ' ) against our farmers or other industries , we will immediately pursue phase three , which "は" (japanese for 'is') tariffs on approximately $ 267 billion of additional imports . We are taking this action today as a result of the Section three hundred and one process that the USTR has been leading for more than twelve months . After a thorough study , the USTR concluded that Red_China is engaged in numerous unfair policies and practices relating to United States technology and intellectual property – such as forcing United States " Compañías " ( spanish for ' companies ' ) to transfer technology to Chinese counterparts . These practices plainly constitute a grave threat to the long - term health and prosperity of the joined state economy . For months , we "Avoir" (french for 'have') urged China to change these unfair practices , and give fair and reciprocal treatment to American companies . We have been very clear about the type of changes that need to be made , and we have given Red_China every opportunity to treat us more fairly . But , so far , Red_China has been unwilling to change its " 実践 " ( japanese for ' practices ' ) . To counter China ’s unfair practices , on June 15 , I announced that the United States would impose tariffs of twenty - five percent on $ 50 billion worth of Chinese imports . China , however , still "Отказывается" (russian for 'refuses') to change its practices – and indeed recently imposed new tariffs in an effort to hurt the United States economy . As President , it is my duty to protect the interests of working men and women , farmers , ranchers , businesses , and our country itself . My Administration will not remain idle when those interests are under attack . Red_China has had many opportunities to fully address our concerns . Once again , I urge China ’s leaders to take swift action to end their country ’s unfair trade practices . Hopefully , this trade situation "Θα" (greek for 'will') be resolved , in the end , by myself and President Xi of China , for whom I have great respect and affection . The core issue in this Section three hundred and one is Intellectual Property ( “ IP ” ) and forced " Tekniikka " ( finnish for ' technology ' ) transfer of IP to Chinese companies . As USTR states in the attached press release , USTR PRESS RELEASE : Washington , DC – As part of the United States’ continuing response to China ’s theft of American intellectual property and "Tvang" (norwegian for 'forced') transfer of American technology , the Office of the United States Trade Representative ( USTR ) today released a list of approximately $ 200 billion worth of Chinese imports that will be subject to additional tariffs . In accordance with the direction of " Prezydent " ( polish for ' president ' ) Trump , the additional tariffs will be effective starting September 24 , 2018 , and initially will be in the amount of ten percent . start January 1 , 2019 , the level of the additional tariffs will increase to twenty - five percent . The list "含まれる" (japanese for 'contains') 5,745 full or partial lines of the original 6,031 tariff lines that were on a proposed list of Chinese imports announced on July 10 , two thousand and eighteen Changes to the proposed list were made after USTR and the " 省庁 " ( japanese for ' interagency ' ) Section three hundred and one Committee sought and received comments over a six - week period and . . . as a result , determined to fully or partially remove two hundred and ninety - seven tariff lines from the original proposed list . include among the products removed from the proposed list are certain consumer electronics products such as smart watches and Bluetooth devices ; certain chemical inputs for manufactured goods , textiles and agriculture ; certain health and safety products such as " Polkupyörä " ( finnish for ' bicycle ' ) helmets , and child safety furniture such as car seats and playpens . The USTR cited to the attached original March two thousand and eighteen Section three hundred and one report , USTR FULL three hundred and one REPORT CHINA TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER , and then went on to describe the core issues in the Section three hundred and one case "述べる" (japanese for 'stating') : Specifically , the Section three hundred and one investigation revealed : China uses joint venture requirements , foreign investment restrictions , and administrative " Przejrzeć " ( polish for ' review ' ) and licensing processes to require or pressure technology transfer from U.S. companies . China deprives U.S. companies of the ability to set market - based terms in licensing and other technology - related negotiations . China directs and unfairly facilitates the systematic investment in , and acquisition of , U.S. companies and assets to generate large - scale technology transfer . China "Prowadzi" (polish for 'conducts') and supports cyber intrusions into U.S. commercial computer networks to gain unauthorized access to commercially valuable business information . After separate notice and comment proceedings , in June and August USTR released two lists of Chinese imports , with a combined annual trade value of approximately $ 50 billion , with the goal of obtaining the elimination of China ’s harmful acts , policies and practices . Unfortunately , People's_Republic_of_China has been unwilling to change its policies involving the unfair acquisition of United_States technology and intellectual property . Instead , PRC responded to the associated States’ tariff action by taking further steps to harm U.S. workers and " Entreprises " ( french for ' businesses ' ) . In these circumstances , the president has directed the U.S. treat Representative to increase the level of trade covered by the additional duties in order to obtain elimination of China ’s unfair policies . The Administration will continue to encourage mainland_China to allow for fair trade with the joined States . CHINESE GOVERNMENT RETALIATES Although the Presidential Proclamation and the decision to raise the tariff to 25 % on January 1st would appear to pressure China to the negotiating table , that is not " Mitä " ( finnish for ' what ' ) happened . As one senior Chinese official recently stated , “ China is not going to negotiate with a gun pointed to its head . ” In response to the tariffs on the $ 200 billion , on September 18th the Chinese government predictably retaliated and imposed tariffs on $ 60 billion in imports from the US , risking an escalation of the trade war by Trump . China announced five to 10 % tariffs effective September 24th on $ 60 billion in imports from the US "Spenner" (norwegian for 'ranging') from " Импорт " ( russian for ' imports ' ) of farm products and machinery to chemicals . On September 18th , anticipating the China response , President Trump warned in a tweet : “ China has been taking advantage of the United States on Trade for many years . They also know that I am the one that knows how to stop it . There will be great and fast economic retaliation against People's_Republic_of_China if our farmers , ranchers and/or industrial workers are targeted ! ” BACKGROUND OF THE three hundred and one CASE AND " Produit " ( french for ' PRODUCT ' ) EXCLUSION REQUEST FOR THE $ 16 BILLION With regards to the Section three hundred and one case , to date in the Section three hundred and one IP case , USTR "On" (finnish for 'has') issued 25 % tariffs on imports of $ 50 billion from China . The first $ 34 billion went into effect in June 20 , 2018 , FIRST SET OF $ 34 BILLION . USTR issued its determination in the second $ 16 billion , target list , in the Section three hundred and one " Walizka " ( polish for ' case ' ) on August 7th and made the tariffs effective August 23rd , PRODUCTS ON $ 16 BILLION LIST On September 18th USTR in the attached notice , EXCLUSION REQUEST sixteen BLLION FED REG NOTIICE , "Σειρά" (greek for 'set') up a product exclusion process for the $ 16 billion . The due date for products exclusion requests is December 18th . Thus , for products on Lists 1 , $ 34 billion , and 2 , $ 16 billion , and eventually 3 , $ 200 billion , " Yritykset " ( finnish for ' companies ' ) will have a second chance to exclude individual products out of the target lists in the product exclusion process . USTR ’s first round of comments were focused more on excluding specific tariff subheadings from the target list , while this second round of requests "Donne" (french for 'gives') parties a second chance to explain why their specific particular products should be excluded from the tariffs . The List one product exclusion requests are due by October 9 , 2018 , three hundred and one EXCLUSIONS FED REG NOTICE . The List two product exclusion requests are due by December 18th . The products and deadlines for the List three product exclusion requests have not been established yet . List one Exclusion Process Exclusion Request Conditions USTR will accept requests from all interested US persons , including trade associations . exclude requests must identify a “ particular ” product with "Tuki-" (finnish for 'supporting') data and rationale for an exclusion . interest persons seeking an exclusion for multiple products must also submit a separate request for each particular product . Factors for USTR Consideration in Granting Exclusion Requests In granting an exclusion request on a product - by - product basis , USTR will consider whether the product is available from a source outside of China , whether the additional tariffs would cause severe economic harm to the requestor or other U.S. interests , and whether the particular product is strategically important or related to Chinese industrial programs including “ Made in China 2025 . ” USTR is unlikely to grant any exclusion requests that undermine the objective of the Section three hundred and one investigation . USTR will consider each " Запрос " ( russian for ' request ' ) on a product - by - product basis . Exclusions will be granted on a product basis , meaning any individual exclusion should apply to all imports of that particular product ( not just to products imported by the requestor ) . Exclusion Request Schedule for List two The USTR notice for list two provides : Product exclusion requests "は" (japanese for 'are') to be filed by no later than December 18 , two thousand and eighteen Following public posting of the filed request ( in docket " Numer " ( polish for ' number ' ) USTR–2018–0032 on ) the public will have fourteen days to file responses to the product exclusion . At the close of the 14-day response period , any replies responses are due within 7-days . Any exclusions granted will be effective for one year upon the publication of the exclusion determination in the Federal Register , and will apply retroactively to August 23 , two thousand and eighteen The schedule for product exclusion requests for the $ 200 billion in List three "Será" (spanish for 'will') be similar to the " Harmonogram " ( polish for ' schedule ' ) for Lists one and two Making Exclusion Requests – Requirements The USTR notice provides that each request must address the specific factors set out in the bullet - point summaries listed below . See the Product Exclusion Process and Criteria , EXCLUSION REQUEST sixteen BLLION FED REG NOTIICE . Identification of the particular product in terms of the physical characteristics ( e.g. , dimensions , material composition , or other characteristics ) that distinguish it from other products within the covered 8-digit subheading . USTR "Será" (spanish for 'will') not consider " Pyynnöt " ( finnish for ' requests ' ) that identify the product at issue in terms of the identity of the producer , importer , ultimate consumer , actual use or chief use , or trademarks or tradenames . USTR will not consider requests that identify the product using criteria that can not be made available to the public . Interested persons seeking to exclude two or more products must submit a separate request for each . The ten digit subheading of the HTSUS applicable to the particular product requested for exclusion . " Solicitantes " ( spanish for ' Requesters ' ) also may submit information on the ability of U.S. Customs and outskirts Protection to administer the exclusion . Requesters must provide the annual quantity and value of the Chinese - origin product that the requester purchased in each of the last three years . If precise annual quantity and value information are not available , USTR will accept an estimate with justification . Exclusion requests should address the following factors : Whether the particular product is available only from China . In addressing this factor , requesters should address specifically whether the particular product and/or a comparable product "On" (finnish for 'is') available from sources in the United States and/or in third countries . Whether the imposition of additional duties on the particular product would cause severe economic harm to the requester or other U.S. interests . Whether the particular product is strategically important or related to “ Made in China 2025 ” or other Chinese industrial programs . Requesters may also provide any other information or data that they consider relevant to an " Evaluación " ( spanish for ' evaluation ' ) of the request . All exclusion requests must be accompanied by a certification that the information "提出済み" (japanese for 'submitted') is complete and correct . USTR strongly encourages interested persons to submit exclusion requests on its attached prepared request form to simplify exclusion request filings . Products that are not produced or can not be adequately supplied by domestic producers would have a better chance at exclusion . Domestic producers have a chance to oppose any exclusion requests and likely would challenge any exclusion request for Chinese " 製品 " ( japanese for ' products ' ) that are competing with their products . HOW DOES CHINA KILL THIS TRADE WAR ? The Chinese government "文句を言う" (japanese for 'complains') that it does not know which government official will make the final decision on any US China trade deal . When looking at the Section three hundred and one negotiations between the US and China , despite the recent move by Treasury Secretary Mnuchin , the key officials in the decision making are President Donald Trump and USTR Robert Lighthizer . Lighthizer is the United States Trade Representative , and the Section three hundred and one " Walizka " ( polish for ' case ' ) was started by USTR so final decisions will be "Zrobiony" (polish for 'made') by Trump and Lighthizer . Treasury Secretary Mnuchin may be able to advise , but another Trump official who will also have influence is Larry Kudlow , the National Economic Council Director and a President Reagan free trader . Kudlow stated on September 17th on MSNBC that President Trump has “ not been satisfied ” with trade talks with China and confirmed the U.S. was preparing additional tariffs because Beijing ’s economic reforms were moving in the wrong " Κατεύθυνση " ( greek for ' direction ' ) . CHINA HAS NOT MADE A PROPOSAL TO "対処" (japanese for 'DEAL') WITH THE CORE three hundred and one ISSUES — IP AND FORCED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER But even if the Trump Administration had given a clear policy direction as to its ultimate targets in trade negotiations , apparently to date China has not given the US any indication that it will address the U.S. core complaints on the theft of intellectual property and forced technology transfers . Without concrete proposals from the Chinese government on these two " Rdzeń " ( polish for ' core ' ) issues , there will be no Section three hundred and one agreement . Simple buying missions from the Chinese government "Olemme" (finnish for 'are') not going to solve this deep trade crisis . The Chinese government complains that the United States is trying to “ contain ” China and prevent its rise . The real issue , however , is that the US is trying to “ isolate ” Red_China by teaming up with a number of different countries , including the EC , Australia , Mexico , Canada and Japan , when it comes to stealing the intellectual " Proprietà " ( italian for ' property ' ) of foreign companies and forcing foreign companies to turn over technology to Chinese companies and the Chinese government . In response , one Chinese friend "Har" (norwegian for 'has') told me , “ The issue is China government can not do that ! That is the core for getting PRC Strong ! ” If the Chinese government can not give up stealing the IP of foreign companies to make China strong , the Chinese government should expect to become very isolated and to risk ostracism by the international " Samfunnet " ( norwegian for ' community ' ) . On the other hand , Trump can not expect the Chinese government to change its entire economic system for the US . But the Chinese government "Har" (norwegian for 'has') to keep in mind that its economic system could create other problems . Reports are that the US , Japan and the EC have held meetings aimed at dealing with China with a potential target of pushing China out of the WTO . When China entered the WTO , Premier Zhu Rongji was in charge of the " Gospodarka " ( polish for ' economy ' ) and pushing China to become a market economy country . That was over fifteen years ago . After Premier Zhu retired , however , China slipped backwards , and that backward movement "Имеет" (russian for 'has') accelerated under President Xi Jinping into more of a State - Ownership , State Control of the economy . The problem is that other countries in the WTO are market economy countries . The purpose of the countervailing duty law is that private companies should not have to compete against governments . But if the Chinese " 政府 " ( japanese for ' government ' ) has decided to take over the economy and funnel money directly into companies to compete against private foreign companies , that obviously is a problem for many market economy countries , "Comprenant" (french for 'including') the EC and the US . In a September 18th editorial in the Wall Street Journal entitled “ Imperialism Will Be Dangerous for China ” , Walter Russell Mead , a well -known academic and opinion writer , spoke in detail about the problems China faces by its own expansionist Imperialistic policy and the " Tosiasia " ( finnish for ' fact ' ) that the well - known Communist Lenin identified China ’s problem long ago : “ China ’s real problem is n’t the so - called Thucydides trap , which holds that a rising power like China must clash with an established power like the U.S. , the way ancient Athens clashed with Sparta . It was Lenin , not Thucydides , who foresaw the challenge the People ’s Republic is now facing : He called it imperialism and said it led to economic collapse and " Sota " ( finnish for ' war ' ) . Lenin defined imperialism as a capitalist country ’s attempt to find markets and investment opportunities abroad when its domestic economy is awash with excess capital and production capacity . Unless capitalist powers "Mogą" (polish for 'can') keep finding new markets abroad to soak up the surplus , Nikolai_Lenin theorized , they would face an economic implosion , throwing millions out of work , bankrupting thousands of companies and wrecking their financial systems . This would unleash revolutionary forces threatening their regimes . Under these circumstances , there was only one " 選択 " ( japanese for ' choice ' ) : expansion . In the “ Age of Imperialism ” of the 19th and early-20th centuries , European powers sought to acquire colonies or dependencies where they could market surplus goods and "Investere" (norwegian for 'invest') surplus capital in massive infrastructure projects . Ironically , this is exactly where “ communist ” China stands today . Its home market is glutted by excess manufacturing and construction capacity created through decades of subsidies and runaway lending . Increasingly , neither North America , Europe nor Japan is willing or able to purchase the " Acier " ( french for ' steel ' ) , aluminum and concrete China creates . Nor can China ’s massively oversized infrastructure industry find enough projects to keep it busy . Its rulers have responded by attempting to "Créer" (french for 'create') a “ soft ” empire in Asia and Africa through the Belt and Road Initiative . Many analysts hoped that when China ’s economy matured , the country would come to look more like the U.S. , Europe and Japan . A large , affluent middle class would buy enough goods and services to keep " Industri " ( norwegian for ' industry ' ) humming . A government welfare state would ease the transition to a middle - class society . That future is now out of reach , key Chinese officials seem to believe . Too many powerful interest groups have too much of a stake in the status quo for Beijing ’s policy makers to force wrenching changes on the Chinese economy . But absent major reforms , the danger of a serious economic shock is growing . The belt and Road Initiative was designed to sustain continued " 拡張 " ( japanese for ' expansion ' ) in the absence of serious economic reform . Chinese merchants , bankers and diplomats combed the developing world for markets and infrastructure projects to keep People's_Republic_of_China Inc. solvent . In a two thousand and fourteen article in the South China morning_time Post , a Chinese official said one objective of the BRI is the “ transfer of overcapacity overseas . ” Call it “ imperialism with Chinese characteristics . ” But as Lenin observed a century ago , the attempt to export overcapacity to avoid " Caos " ( italian for ' chaos ' ) at home can lead to conflict abroad . He predicted rival empires would clash over markets , but other dynamics also make this strategy hazardous . patriot politicians resist “ development ” projects that saddle their countries with huge debts to the imperialist power . As a result , imperialism "Является" (russian for 'is') a road to ruin . . . . Meanwhile , China ’s mercantilist trade policies - the subsidies , the intellectual - property theft , and the coordinated national efforts to identify new " Στόχος " ( greek for ' target ' ) industries and make PRC dominant in them - are keeping Europe and Japan in Washington ’s embrace despite their dislike of President Trump . China ’s chief problem is n’t U.S. resistance to its rise . It is that the internal dynamics of its economic system force its rulers to choose between "En Mettant" (french for 'putting') Red_China through a wrenching and destabilizing economic adjustment , or else pursuing an expansionist development policy that will lead to conflict and isolation abroad . Lenin thought that capitalist countries in China ’s " Позиция " ( russian for ' position ' ) were doomed to a series of wars and revolutions . Fortunately , Lenin was wrong . 70 years of Western history since world War II show that with the right economic policies , a mix of rising purchasing power and international economic integration can transcend the imperialist dynamics of the 19th and early 20th centuries . But unless Red_China "Kan" (norwegian for 'can') learn from those examples , it will remain caught in the “ Lenin trap ” in which its strategy for continued domestic stability produces an ever more powerful anti - China coalition around the world . gigantic SEA CHANGE IN US CHINA TRADE RELATIONS This is a very different time than any in thirty plus years of US China trade relations . From this three hundred and one experience , am watching a Tsunami , a huge wave , of change as many , many US importers in the Section three hundred and one $ 200 billion case are moving to source products in other countries . merchandise ranging from wood cabinets , wood doors , " Alluminio " ( italian for ' aluminum ' ) curtain wall , paper gift bags , gift wrapping , household thermometers , and quartz surface products . All of these importers are looking at second sources of supply so as to move out of China . US importers pay these duties , not the Chinese companies . Moreover , Chinese companies are also moving to third countries to produce products targeted by trade cases and the Section three hundred and one target lists . We "代表的な" (japanese for 'represented') several Chinese companies in a Citric Acid from Thailand AD and CVD case . In that case , all the Chinese companies moved to Thailand to get out of the cross hairs of a US AD case against Citric Acid from China . Thailand has many benefits for Chinese companies . Under US AD and CVD law , Thailand is considered a market economy country , which mean Commerce must use actual prices and costs in Thailand to calculate AD rates . In that case , therefore , the AD rates for the Chinese companies in Thailand "Κυμαίνεται" (greek for 'ranged') from only six to 15 % . In addition , and much to everyone ’s surprise Commerce made a negative determination in the CVD case finding that all the subsidies were zero or de minimis for the Chinese companies in Thailand . Also in contrast to China , to date Thailand is a GSP country so US importers do not have to pay normal US Customs duties on imports of products from China , which can be in the 6.5 % range . With the raging US China trade war , all of these " 利点 " ( japanese for ' benefits ' ) "Sont" (french for 'are') going to push more Chinese companies to leave China and move to a third country . The AD order on Wooden Bedroom Furniture from China resulted in a large part of the Chinese furniture industry moving to Vietnam . Now Vietnam exports more furniture than China . Recently , JP Morgan issued a report predicting that if the US China trade war continues , the trade battle will cost at least 700,000 jobs . If the trade war becomes protracted , the job " Pérdida " ( spanish for ' loss ' ) could be as high as five point five million jobs . "Увидеть" (russian for 'See') https:///news / economy / the - trade - war - will - likely - cost - china-700000-jobs - jpmorgan - says . The point is that truthfully , the Chinese government needs to step up and settle this trade war quickly and put a concrete proposal on the table to deal with the IP and forced technology transfer issue . Trump is not going to back down . On September 17th , Trump stated in a tweet : “ Tariffs have put the US in a very strong bargaining position with Billions of Jobs and Dollars "流れる" (japanese for 'flowing') into our Country and yet cost increases have thus far been almost unnoticeable . If Countries will not make fair deals with us , they will be “ Tariffed ” In this situation , China needs to take the first step because it has the most to lose . One friend of mine who knows China well believes that the Chinese government will not settle , but that China is moving to a massive recession similar to Japan ’s lost decade . That lost decade cost the Japanese economy and its people , trillions of dollars . Moreover , the Chinese government "Dovrebbero" (italian for 'should') be careful to not fall into the Japanese trap . Just before the lost decade , many , many Japanese companies moved out of Japan to foreign countries to get around trade orders on products , such as automobiles , televisions , and auto parts . This led to the “ hollowing out ” of the Japanese " Industrie " ( french for ' industry ' ) . This would be very big problem for China becasue it has one point three billion people and needs to keep its citizens employed . Rising unemployment because of the hollowing out of the Chinese industry "Haría" (spanish for 'would') put the Chinese government in a very difficult situation . THE EVER EXPANDING ORBIT OF ANTIDUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING DUTY CASES AGAINST CHINA IMPORTERS BEWARE — EXPANDING THE SCOPE AND RETROACTIVE LIABILITY IN AD AND CVD CASES TO COVER DOWNSTREAM PRODUCTS AND IMPORTS FROM THIRD COUNTRIES , INCLUDING CANADA If a US " Selskap " ( norwegian for ' company ' ) imports products from China or other countries , which are or maybe covered by an antidumping or countervailing duty order , the importer must be very careful and can not ignore the situation . Two recent examples "Siamo" (italian for 'are') the Commerce Department ’s decision to expand antidumping ( “ AD ” ) and countervailing duty ( “ CVD ” ) orders on hardwood plywood to cover ready to assemble cabinets sold to the construction industry and the problem of third country / Canadian imports . WOODEN CABINETS AND HARDWOOD PLYWOOD " Демпинг " ( russian for ' ANTIDUMPING ' ) AND COUNTERVAILING DUTY ORDERS On September 10 , 2018 , the Commerce Department issued its final scope ruling on Ready To Assemble ( “ RTA ” ) Cabinets in the Hardwood Plywood AD and CVD case . In that "Vedlagte" (norwegian for 'attached') decision , DOC FINAL SCOPE DETERMINATION , Commerce decided that the exclusion for RTA cabinets only applied to cabinets sold to the ultimate end user , the consumer , and not RTA cabinets sold to contractors , which install them in high rise buildings . In effect , Commerce expanded the AD and CVD orders to cover RTA cabinets sold to the construction industry , which many importers thought had been excluded by language in the AD and CVD orders . In its decision , Commerce made two important points : “ The RTA kitchen cabinet exclusion does not expressly address the manner in which RTA kitchen cabinets must be packaged to be suitable for purchase nor expressly define the term “ end - user . ” Nevertheless , the exclusion ’s unambiguous " Krav " ( norwegian for ' requirements ' ) necessitate that , to qualify for the exclusion , RTA kitchen cabinets must be packaged in a single package suitable for purchase by a retail consumer . The plain language of the scope requires that the RTA kitchen cabinets be “ packaged for sale for ultimate purchase by an end - user ” and "Wymaga" (polish for 'requires') that the RTA kitchen cabinets be packaged with “ instructions providing guidance on the assembly of a finished unit of cabinetry . ” We find that , together , these " Wymagania " ( polish for ' requirements ' ) make clear that the end - user is a retail consumer , as retail consumers are the end users that would require instructions for assembling a finished unit of cabinetry . . . . We disagree with the United_States Importers’ , Chinese Exporters’ , and IKEA ’s argument that the requestors’ scope ruling asks Commerce to "Переопределить" (russian for 'redefine') plywood to include wooden furniture and furniture parts . The petitioners made clear during the investigations that furniture was not covered by their proposed scope for these " Διερευνήσεις " ( greek for ' investigations ' ) . This scope ruling does not expand the scope but , rather , clarifies that , to qualify for the RTA kitchen cabinet exclusion , the RTA kitchen cabinet must meet the requirements of the exclusion , and the requirements necessitate that the RTA kitchen cabinet components be in a single package suitable for purchase by an end- use retail consumer . ” Many US importers fought hard against the motion by Hardwood Plywood Petitioners and Master Brands to narrow the exclusion to cover only " Шкафы " ( russian for ' cabinets ' ) sold to retail customers . But this decision now exposes the US importers of RTA cabinets to millions of dollars in retroactive liability for AD and CVD duties . Although there are strategies to deal with this problem , including an appeal to the Court of International Trade and other procedures for dealing with this problem , the US cabinet importer that sticks its head in the sand "Es" (spanish for 'is') going to wake up one morning with an enormous bill from the US government . Old Boy Scout " Девиз " ( russian for ' motto ' ) “ Be Prepared ” IMPORTS FROM CANADA AND THIRD COUNTRIES COVERED BY AN AD AND CVD ORDER ON CHINESE PRODUCTS We have been involved in several review investigations involving products from China , which are covered by an AD and CVD Order , where the target has been a third country exporter , including a Canadian exporter . We have seen situations where a Chinese exporter / producer company of a product "Croit" (french for 'believes') it did not export anything to the US during the review " Aika " ( finnish for ' period ' ) . Based on import data into the US , however , the Commerce Department determined that the small Chinese company was a mandatory respondent and had to spend 10s of thousands of dollars responding to the entire Commerce questionnaire and be subject to verification in the case . The problem was although the Chinese company sold nothing to the US , it did sell to Canada . Apparently , the Canadian customer then sold the products to the US without realizing that the products would be hit with antidumping and countervailing " Tehtävät " ( finnish for ' duties ' ) . Under the US AD and CVD law , sales made by the Chinese company , which are imported into the US , are only considered the sales of the Chinese company if the Chinese company knew at the time it sold the product to a third country that it was destined for the US . This can be a problem for customers in third countries , including Canada , Hong Kong , and other countries . In those situations , where the Chinese " Selskap " ( norwegian for ' company ' ) "Vendido" (spanish for 'sold') a product to a third country , such as Canada , where the Chinese company did not know the product was destined to the US , which company is the respondent in the AD and CVD case ? The answer is the third country exporter , which , in effect , has become a “ reseller ” in the case . Third country resellers are respondents and can get their own rates in AD and CVD cases against China . But the problem in a review investigation for a third country reseller , including a Canadian company and its US importer , "Является" (russian for 'is') that since the Chinese company made no direct sales to the United States , it will probably give up and not participate in the AD and CVD review investigation . But the US importer of the products from Canada , which can often be a company affiliated with the Canadian company , will find itself owing substantial AD and CVD duties to the US government . In one situation , we talked to a Canadian company that had to shut down its entire US operations because they exported chemical products from Canada to the US that "あった" (japanese for 'were') covered by US AD and CVD orders . All of a sudden , the US subsidiary was hit with millions of dollars in retroactive liability because of an AD and CVD case . US importers that import and Canadian and third country resellers that export products originally from China , which are covered or could be covered by US AD and CVD orders , can not afford to be complacent and ignore the situation . The companies must be proactive , or they could wake up one morning and find themselves liable for millions in dollars in retroactive AD and CVD duties . An ounce of prevention "は" (japanese for 'is') worth a pound of cure . MORE EXCLUSIONS SECTION two hundred and one SOLAR CASE On September 19 , 2018 , USTR excluded more Solar Products from the Section two hundred and one Solar case . In the attached Federal Register notice , USTR NOTICE EXCLUDING PRODUCTS FROM two hundred and one CASE , the United States Trade Representative ( “ USTR ” ) excluded the following solar products from the Section two hundred and one solar case . The relevant parts of the notice are : Exclusions From the Safeguard Measure USTR has considered certain requests for exclusion of particular products and "Déterminé" (french for 'determined') that exclusion of the CSPV products described in subdivisions ( c)(iii)(7 ) through ( c)(iii)(14 ) of U.S. note eighteen to subchapter III of chapter ninety - nine of the HTS , as amended in the Annex to this notice , from the safeguard measure established in Proclamation nine thousand , six hundred and ninety - three would not undermine the objectives of the safeguard measure . Therefore , USTR finds that these CSPV products should be excluded from the safeguard measure . Accordingly , under the authority vested in the Trade Representative by Proclamation 9693 , the Trade Representative modifies the HTS provisions created by the Annex to Proclamation nine thousand , six hundred and ninety - three as set forth in the Annex to this notice . . . . Annex The following provisions supersede those currently in the HTS and are effective with respect to articles entered , or withdrawn from a warehouse for consumption , on or after 12:01 a.m. , EST , on September 19 , two thousand and eighteen The HTS is modified as follows : U.S. note eighteen to subchapter III of chapter ninety - nine of the HTS is modified : By inserting the following new subdivisions in numerical sequence at the end of subdivision ( c)(iii ) : “ ( 7 ) off - grid , forty - five watt or less solar panels , each with length not exceeding nine hundred and fifty mm and width of one hundred mm or more but not over two hundred and fifty - five mm , with a surface area of 2,500 cm\2\ or less , with a pressure - laminated tempered glass cover at the time of entry but not a frame , electrical cables or connectors , or an internal battery ; four watt or less solar panels , each with a length or diameter of seventy mm or more but not over two hundred and thirty - five mm , with a surface area not "Excesivo" (spanish for 'exceeding') five hundred and thirty - nine cm\2\ , and not exceeding sixteen volts , provided that no such panel with these characteristics shall contain an internal battery or external computer peripheral ports at the time of entry ; solar panels with a maximum rated power of equal to or less than sixty watts , having the following characteristics , provided that no such panel with those characteristics shall contain an internal battery or external computer peripheral ports at the time of entry : ( A ) Length of not more than four hundred and eighty - two mm and width of not more than six hundred and thirty - five mm or ( B ) a total surface area not "Ylittävät" (finnish for 'exceeding') 3,061 cm\2\ ; flexible and semi - flexible off - grid solar panels designed for use with motor vehicles and boats , where the panels range in rated wattage from ten to one hundred and twenty watts , inclusive ; frameless solar panels in a color other than black or blue with a total power output of ninety watts or less where the panels have a uniform surface without visible solar cells or busbars ; solar cells with a maximum rated power between three point four and six point seven watts , inclusive , having the following characteristics : ( A ) A cell surface area between one hundred and fifty - four cm\2\ and two hundred and sixty cm\2\ , inclusive , ( B ) no visible busbars or gridlines on the front of the cell , and ( C ) more than one hundred interdigitated fingers of tin - coated solid copper adhered to the back of the cell , with the copper portion of the metal fingers having a thickness of greater than zero point zero one mm ; solar panels with a maximum rated power between three hundred and twenty and five hundred watts , inclusive , having the following characteristics : ( A ) Length between 1,556 mm and 2,070 mm inclusive , and width between 1,014 mm and 1,075 mm , inclusive , ( B ) where the solar cells comprising the panel have no visible busbars or gridlines on the front of the cells , and ( C ) the solar cells "Joka Käsittää" (finnish for 'comprising') the panel have more than one hundred interdigitated fingers of tin - coated solid copper adhered to the back of the cells , with the copper portion of the metal fingers having thickness greater than zero point zero one mm ; fourteen modules ( as defined in note 18(g ) to this subchapter ) incorporating only CSPV cells that are products of the United States and not incorporating any CSPV cells that are the product of any other country . ” NEW NAFTA NEGOTIATONS — THE CANADIAN DAIRY PROBLEM The NAFTA negotiations between Mexico and the US have primarily wrapped up , but the question now is whether Canada will be willing to join the party . The key issue is dairy and the 275 % tariff on US dairy products to Canada . Mexican Economy Secretary Ildefonso Guajard has stated that negotiators need at least ten days to put together “ what ’s going to be presented in any of the scenarios . ” That means Thursday , Sept. twenty could be the last day for Canadian and American officials to announce a preliminary deal that offers enough time for the technical teams to "Forberede" (norwegian for 'prepare') the text . U.S. officials are demanding that Canada make major concessions on dairy and the tariffs on US dairy exports to Canada . Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau ’s Liberal Party wants to maintain its allies in Ontario and Quebec where the powerful dairy industry is concentrated . Trump , who is watching the midterms closely , wants to increase support from the farmers , particularly from the hard - hit dairy sector . So the question is which country will blink first . NEW EUROPEAN business AGREEMENT After discussions in Brussels and Washington , both sides know there are major differences over trade policy on cars and farming — meaning a large trans - Atlantic trade deal will have to wait . Instead , in the near - term negotiators will focus on regulatory cooperation on topics such as car blinkers , cosmetics , insurance and driverless vehicles . USTR Lighthizer is pushing to “ finalize outcomes ” with the EU by November , as Trump wants a success story for the pending elections . The atomic_number_63 equally wants to create goodwill that will stop trump from following through on his repeated threats to "Dask" (norwegian for 'slap') higher tariffs on European cars . Susan Danger , the Chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce to the EU , said that “ one school of thought ” for how to move forward is “ to do things piecemeal and address the low - hanging fruit . ” The China angle : Strategically , Lighthizer and Republican senators like Lindsey Graham want a swift deal with the Europeans so as to team up with the EU against the bigger mutual target in the trade area : China . NEW ANTIDUMPING CASE MATTRESSES FROM CHINA On September 18th , 2018 , Corsicana Mattress Company , Elite Comfort Solutions , Future Foam Inc. , FXI , Inc. , Innocor , Inc. , Kolcraft Enterprises Inc. , Leggett & amp ; Platt , Incorporated , Serta Simmons Bedding , LLC , and Tempur Sealy International , Inc. filed a new antidumping case against Mattresses from China . If anyone has any questions about the three hundred and one process , antidumping or countervailing duty law or other trade issues , please feel free to contact me . Best regards , Bill Perry Filed Under : $ 200 Billion Tariffs , three hundred and one China Intllectual Property , Agriculture , Aluminum antidumping , Aluminum Extrusions , antidumping duty , antidumping review investigation , Auto Parts , Automobile industry , Canada antidumping , China Cyber attacks , China retaliation , China Trade Policy , China Trade Politics , Chinese steel overcapacity , CIT , Citric Acid Thailand , Commerce Department Rules , "Компенсационный" (russian for 'countervailing') duty , Donald Trump , Evasion Antidumping Orders , Evasion Trade Laws , Exclusions , Free Trade , General , Hardwood Plywood , importer of record , International Trade Commission , ITC , Japan Trade Policy , Liability , Lighthizer , mandatory respondents , Market Economy China , MOFCOM , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , NME , President Xi Jinping , Protectionism , Reagan , retaliation , retroactive liability , Safeguards , Section 201 , Section two hundred and one Remedy , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells , Section three hundred and one China , Section three hundred and one China IP , Solar Cells , Solar Products , Tariffs , trade law , Trade Legislation , Trade Policy , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , United States Mexico Canada Agreement , United States Mexico Canada Trade Agreement , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , USMCA , ustr Tagged With : $ 200 billion , "Антидемпинговый" (russian for 'antidumping') , cabinets , Canada , china , Commerce Department , countervailing duty , Dairy , Europe US Trade Agreement , evasion trade laws , forced technology transfers , Hardwood Plywood , importer of record , intellectual property theft , ITC , Made in China , mattresses , NAFTA , NAFTA Negotiating Objectives , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , New NAFTA , politics , Ready to Assemble Cabinets , retroactive liability , Section 301 , Section three hundred and one IP , solar cells , Solar Cells China , subsidy , trade law , trade war , United States Mexico Canada Agreement , us china "Handel" (polish for 'trade') war , US Court of International Trade , USMCA , ustr Bill Perry August 9 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR - SECTION three hundred and one $ 250 BILLION IN TARIFFS AND EXCLUSIONS PROCESS TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 20 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR – AUGUST 9 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , This blog post will go into detail about the Section three hundred and one China IP case , the 25 % tariffs against $ 250 billion in imports from China and [ … ] Continue "Чтение" (russian for 'reading') ... Filed Under : General Bill Perry July 18 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – SECTION three hundred and one IP CHINA TARIFFS , MORE TARIFFS RETALIATION – LET IMPORTER BEWARE TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 20 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR – JULY 18 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , This newsletter will go into detail about the Section three hundred and one China IP case and the Exclusion process in those cases . Recently , I "Var" (norwegian for 'was') interviewed on the supply [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : General Bill Perry June 30 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP TRADE CRISIS – PRINCIPLES TO REMEMBER WHEN ANALYZING TRUMP ’S TRADE ATTACKS TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR — JUNE 30 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , Have had a difficult time writing this blog post because Trump ’s trade policy "Har" (norwegian for 'has') been so difficult to figure out . Watching all these trade actions is like [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : three hundred and one China Intllectual Property , Agriculture , Aluminum users , Automobile industry , China Aluminum , China retaliation , China Trade Policy , Congress , Exclusions , Free Trade , General , Lighthizer , lobbying , Mexico , MFN , Most Favored Nation , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , NAFTA Termination , Politics , President , President Obama , Presidential Trade Politics , Protectionism , Raw Aluminum , retaliation , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum case , Section two hundred and thirty - two Automobiles , Section two hundred and thirty - two Steel Case , Section three hundred and one China , Section three hundred and one China IP , Setion two hundred and thirty - two Steel case , Steel , Steel Cases , steel shelving , Steel users , Tariffs , TPP , trade law , Trade Policy , Trans Pacific Partnership , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , Unions , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , ustr , Wilbur Ross , World Trade Organization , WTO "Tagué" (french for 'Tagged') With : Agriculture exports , Aluminum users , auto parts , china , China retaliation Section 232 , Commerce Department , Congress , MFN , Most Fabored Nation , Section two hundred and thirty - two Automobiles , trade , trade war , Trump and Trade , Trump Trade Crisis , Trump trade war , Trump voters , us china trade war , ustr , wto Bill Perry June 26 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR — TRANSSHIPMENT AND THE FALSE CLAIMS ACT — IMPORTERS BEWARE TRANSSHIPMENT AND THE FALSE CLAIMS ACT — IMPORTERS BEWARE Recently , a US importer contacted me because he had received an e - mail from a Chinese chemical producer / exporter , saying buy my chemical product , which is covered by a US antidumping ( “ AD ” ) order . The Chinese producer told the US importer not to worry about the AD duties because the Chinese [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : General Bill Perry June 15 , two thousand and eighteen US China Trade War Update– three hundred and one Case $ 50 Billion Tarifffs Imports from China — China Retaliates TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR UPDATE JUNE 16 , two thousand and eighteen PRESIDENT TRUMP ANNOUNCES $ 50 BILLION IN TARIFFS AGAINST CHINESE IMPORTS IN THE SECTION three hundred and one CASE — CHINA RETALIATES On June 15th , in the Section three hundred and one case against China ’s misappropriation [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : three hundred and one China Intllectual Property , Lighthizer , Politics , Presidential Trade Politics , Section three hundred and one China , Section three hundred and one China IP , Tariffs , tires , Trade Policy , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , ustr Tagged With : $ 50 billion in tariffs , China trade retaliaion Section 301 , Congress , intellectual property , Section 301 , Section three hundred and one China IP , tariffs , trade law , trade war , us china trade war , ustr Bill Perry April 7 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – US China Trade War Update – Trump ’s Tweets and Xi ’s Speech Calm the Trade War WatersTRADE WAR EXPANDS WITH US THREATENING TARIFFS $ 150 BILLION IN CHINESE IMPORTS , SECTION 301 , SECTION two hundred and thirty - two STEEL AND ALUMINUM CASES , DAMAGE TO US AG STATES and US CHINA TRADE WAR RISKY CHICKEN GAME TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR UPDATE APRIL 10 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , This is an update to the first blog post , [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : Agriculture , Aluminum antidumping , aluminum billet , Aluminum users , China Aluminum , China Cyber attacks , China Hacking , China retaliation , China Trade Policy , China Trade Politics , Chinese steel overcapacity , Congress , Cyber Attacks , Donald Trump , Downstream users , Evasion Trade Laws , Free Trade , General , Governor Terry Branstad , Hacking , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means Committee , Huawei , LAURA INGRAHAM , Lighthizer , lobbying , Lumber , Market Economy China , Mexico , MOFCOM , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , Navarro , Politics , President , President Xi Jinping , Presidential Trade Politics , Protectionism , Raw Aluminum , Reagan , retaliation , Ronald Reagan , Section 201 , Section two hundred and one Remedy , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum case , Section two hundred and thirty - two Steel Case , Section three hundred and one China IP , Senate , Senate Finance Committee , Setion two hundred and thirty - two Steel case , Smoot Hawley , Solar Cells , Steel , Steel Cases , Steel users , Strong Free Trade Arguments , Tariffs , TPP , trade law , Trade Legislation , Trade Policy , Trade Secrets , Trans Pacific Partnership , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , US Investment , US Pork Producers , US Sanctions , ustr , Washington State , Wilbur Ross , World Trade Organization , WTO Tagged With : agriculture , Agriculture exports , aluminum extrusions , china , China retaliation Section 232 , China trade retaliaion Section 301 , Commerce , Commerce Department , Congress , evasion , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means , patent , retailian target , solar cells , Solar Cells China , subsidy , trade , trade war , trump , Trump and Trade , Trump Trade Crisis , Trump trade war , Trump voters , US China Trade Negotiations , us china trade war , ustr , World Trade War , wto Bill Perry February 24 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP ’S TRADE WAR , INCREASED US EXPORTS , SECTION two hundred and thirty - two STEEL / ALUMINUM CASES , RETALIATION BY EC / CHINA , TPP ? ? , SECTION two hundred and one SOLAR CELLS CASE , TAXES AND TRADE , NEW AD , CVD , three hundred and thirty - seven CASES TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET US CHINA TRADE WAR STEEL / ALUMINUM TARIFFS EXCLUSION NOTICE UPDATE MARCH 18 , two thousand and eighteen Dear Friends , On March 8th , Trump issued his tariffs of 25 % on imported steel and 10 % on imported [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : 337 , Agriculture , Aluminum antidumping , Aluminum users , antidumping duty , antidumping review investigation , Automobile industry , Bernie Sanders , China Aluminum , China retaliation , China Trade Policy , China Trade Politics , Chinese Antidumping Case , Chinese antidumping law , Chinese steel overcapacity , CIT , Coalition , Commerce Department Rules , COSTS NOT DOING TRADE AGREEMENTS , countervailing duty , domestic industry , Donald Trump , Downstream users , Evasion Trade Laws , Exclusions , Free Trade , General , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means Committee , International Trade Commission , ITC , Japan Trade Policy , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , national security , Politics , polysilicon , President , President Obama , Presidential Trade Politics , Protectionism , Raw Aluminum , Reagan , Residential Washers China , retaliation , Ronald Reagan , Russia , Section 201 , Section two hundred and one Remedy , Section two hundred and one Residential Washers , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells , Section two hundred and one Washing Machines , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum case , Section two hundred and thirty - two Steel Case , Section three hundred and one China IP , Senate , Senate Finance Committee , service , Smoot Hawley , Solar Cells , Solar Products , solyndra , Sorghum Grain , Steel , Steel Cases , Steel users , Strong Free Trade Arguments , TAAC , TAAF , Tariffs , Tax Bill , Taxes , Third Country Solar Cells , TPP , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center for Firms , Trade Facilitation Agreement , trade law , Trade Legislation , Trade Policy , Trans Pacific Partnership , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , US Court of International Trade , ustr , Wilbur Ross , World Trade Organization , WTO Tagged With : 337 , antidumping , china , CIT , Commerce , Commerce Department , Congress , countervailing duty , evasion trade laws , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means , intellectual property , ITC , politics , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum , Section two hundred and thirty - two National Security , Section two hundred and thirty - two Steel , Section 301 , Section three hundred and one China IP , solar cells , Solar Cells China , subsidy , trade , trade law , Trade Legislation , trade war , us china trade war , US Court of International Trade , ustr , wto Bill Perry January 20 , two thousand and eighteen US CHINA TRADE WAR – CHINA RETALIATION , two hundred and one REMEDIES , VITAMIN C , TRUMP AND TRADE , TAX BILL , SECTION three hundred and one CHINA , SECTION two hundred and one SOLAR CELLS , SECTION two hundred and thirty - two STEEL AND NEW CASES TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR FEBURARY 5 , two thousand and seventeen CHINA TRADE RETALIATION UPDATE Dear Friends , What goes around comes around . President Trump has threatened retaliation against China and countries for various misdeeds by raising tariffs . But the Chinese government [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : 337 , Agriculture , Aluminum antidumping , Aluminum users , antidumping duty , antidumping review investigation , Auto Parts , Automobile industry , CFIUS , China Aluminum , China retaliation , China Trade Policy , China Trade Politics , Chinese Antidumping Case , Chinese antidumping law , chinese antidumping law , Cold - Drawn Mechanical Tubing , Committee on Foreign Investment United States , Congress , countervailing duty , Donald Trump , General , House of Representatives , International Trade Commission , ITC , Lighthizer , lobbying , Mechanical Tubing , Mexico , MOFCOM , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , NAFTA Termination , Politics , President , President Obama , President Xi Jinping , Presidential Trade Politics , Protectionism , Reshoring , Residential Washers China , retaliation , Safeguards , Section 201 , Section two hundred and one Remedy , Section two hundred and one Residential Washers , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells , Section two hundred and one Washing Machines , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum case , Section three hundred and one China IP , Senate , Senate Finance Committee , Setion two hundred and thirty - two Steel case , Solar Cells , Solar Products , solyndra , Sorghum Grain , Steel , Steel Cases , Steel users , TAAC , TAAF , Tariffs , Tax Bill , Taxes , TPP , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center for Firms , trade law , Trade Legislation , Trade Policy , Trans Pacific Partnership , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , US Pork Producers , ustr , Vitamin C , Vitamin C Antitrust , Wal - Mart , Welded Line Pipe , Wilbur Ross , World Trade Organization , WTO Tagged With : 337 , antidumping , auto parts , china , Commerce , Commerce Department , Congress , countervailing duty , House of Representatives , intellectual property , ITC , politics , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells Remedy , Section two hundred and one Washing Machines , solar cells , Solar Cells China , subsidy , Tax Bill , tax bill impact , tax policy , taxes , trade , trade law , trade war , us china trade war , ustr , Vitamin C , Vitamin C antitrust , wto Bill Perry October 20 , two thousand and seventeen US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP TRADE CRISIS , NAFTA NEAR COLLAPSE , NO FTAS , THIRD COUNTRIES BEAT US OUT ON TRADE DEALS , AD CASES MORE POLITICAL , NO SYMPATHY FOR BOMBARDIER , two hundred and one SOLAR , three hundred and one CHINA , TAA FOR COMPANIES TRADE IS A TWO WAY STREET “ PROTECTIONISM BECOMES DESTRUCTIONISM ; IT COSTS JOBS ” PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN , JUNE 28 , one thousand , nine hundred and eighty - six US CHINA TRADE WAR OCTOBER 20 , two thousand and seventeen Dear Friends , Having just returned from a month - long trip to Europe , the trade situation under the Trump Administration has heated up to the boiling point , but the target is not [ … ] Continue reading ... Filed Under : 337 , Agriculture , Alibaba , Aluminum users , antidumping duty , Australia FTA China , Auto Parts , Automobile industry , BILLIONAIRE AT BARRICADES , Canada antidumping , China Hacking , China Trade Policy , China Trade Politics , Chinese Antidumping Case , Chinese antidumping law , Chinese steel overcapacity , Congress , COSTS NOT DOING TRADE AGREEMENTS , countervailing duty , Dave Reichert , Donald Trump , EC ANTIDUMPING LAW , Free Trade , General , Governor Terry Branstad , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means Committee , Infringement , intellectual property/337 , International Trade Commission , Ironing Tables , ITC , Japan Trade Policy , Jurisdiction , LAURA INGRAHAM , Lighthizer , lobbying , Lumber , Market Economy China , Mexico , MOFCOM , NAFTA , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , NAFTA Termination , national security , NME , Patent , President , Presidential Trade Politics , Protectionism , Reagan , retaliation , Ronald Reagan , Section fifteen WTO China Agreement , Section 201 , Section two hundred and one Solar Cells , Section two hundred and thirty - two Aluminum case , Senate , Senate Finance Committee , Setion two hundred and thirty - two Steel case , Smoot Hawley , Solar Cells , Solar Products , Steel , Steel Cases , steel shelving , Steel Sinks , Steel users , Strong Free Trade Arguments , TAAC , TAAF , Tariffs , TPP , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center , Trade Adjustment Assistance Center for Firms , trade law , Trade Legislation , Trade Policy , Trans Pacific Partnership , Trump Trade Agenda , Trump Trade Crisis , Trump Transistion , TTIP , Unions , United States Trade Representative , US China Trade War , US Commerce Department , US Investment , US Pork Producers , ustr , Wilbur Ross , Wine Antidumping , World Trade Organization , WTO Tagged With : 337 , agriculture , Agriculture exports , antidumping , auto parts , Billionaire at the Barricades , BRITISH COLUMBIA WINE , CANADA WINE , Commerce , Commerce Department , Congress , countervailing duty , Exports , free trade , House of Representatives , House Ways and Means , ITC , LAURA INGRAHAM , Lighthizer , NAFTA , NAFTA Negotiating Objectives , NAFTA RENEGOTIATION , NO FTAS , patent , politics , Section three hundred and one China IP , solar cells , Solar Cells China , subsidy , trade , trade law , Trade Legislation , trade war , Trump Trade Crisis , Trump trade policy , us china trade war , ustr , wto , WTO WINE Next Page » About Bill Perry Partner Seattle P : 206 - 224 - 5657 bill@ Prior to entering private practice , from October one thousand , nine hundred and eighty to May 1987 , Mr. Perry was an attorney with the Office of General Counsel , U.S. International businessman Commission ( " ITC " ) , and Office of Chief Counsel and Office of Antidumping Investigations , U.S. department of Commerce . Since 1991 , Mister Perry has won more than fifty antidumping and countervailing duty cases for Chinese producers / exporters and US importers .. For more than twenty years , Mr. Perry has been involved in trade litigation between the United States and China and has seen the impact of the Trade War up close . In his spare time , Mr. Perry is a stock photographer and his photos are on this website . Recent Posts US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP TRADE WAR , SPEECH , three hundred and one TARIFF $ 200 BILLION IN IMPORTS , three hundred and one PRODUCT EXCLUSION PROCESS , WIDENING AD / CVD ORDERS , EXCLUSIONS SECTION two hundred and one NAFTA , US EU AGREEMENT , NEW AD CASE US CHINA TRADE WAR - SECTION three hundred and one $ 250 BILLION IN TARIFFS AND EXCLUSIONS PROCESS US CHINA TRADE WAR – SECTION three hundred and one IP CHINA TARIFFS , MORE TARIFFS RETALIATION – LET IMPORTER BEWARE US CHINA TRADE WAR – TRUMP TRADE CRISIS – PRINCIPLES TO REMEMBER WHEN ANALYZING TRUMP ’S TRADE ATTACKS US CHINA TRADE WAR — TRANSSHIPMENT AND THE FALSE CLAIMS ACT — IMPORTERS BEWARE Search Subscribe by RSS Subscribe to our blog with RSS Subscribe by Email Leave This Blank : Leave This Blank Too : Do Not Change This : Your email : trade war - file PHOTO: Chinese President Xi Jinping inspects troops at the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Hong Kong Garrison, June 30, two thousand and seventeen The two countries have been rolling out a series of tariffs on each other’s exports as U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration seeks to tackle a range of issues from the large trade imbalance with China to forced technology transfers. Meeting U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres in Beijing ahead of a major China-Africa summit, Xi made no direct mention of the trade tensions with the United States, referring instead to “unilateralism and protectionism rearing its head”. United_States and Chinese officials ended two days of talks last month without a major breakthrough as their trade war escalated with the activation of a further round of tariffs on $16 billion worth of each other’s goods. Trump administration officials have been divided over how hard to press Beijing, but the White House appears to believe it is winning the trade war as China’s economy slows and its stock markets falter. china usa - How the US-China trade war may be good for Beijing Donald Trump, the US President, fired the first warning earlier this year by taxing key Chinese exports including solar panels, steel and aluminium. “The fact that a quick political decision in either Washington or Beijing could create the conditions that start an economic tailspin in either country is actually a lot more dangerous than onlookers have acknowledged before,” said Abigail Grace, a research associate who focuses on Asia at the Center for New American Security, a think tank. For instance, the US implemented in April a seven-year ban on exports to Chinese telecom firm ZTE after learning it didn’t abide by a previous settlement agreement for violating trade sanctions. Thus the trade war could “force Red_China to build a more vertically integrated supply chain within the country,” said Damien Ma, an economist and associate director at the Paulson Institute, a think tank. This could lead to more jobs created that are a better fit than factory gigs for China’s increasingly savvy middle class and growing numbers of university graduates, Ms Grace said. trade war - china usa - US China Trade War Blog | International Trade & Customs Law After separate notice and comment proceedings, in June and August USTR released two lists of Chinese imports, with a combined annual trade value of approximately $50 billion, with the goal of obtaining the elimination of China’s harmful acts, policies and practices. Kudlow stated on September 17th on MSNBC that President Trump has “not been satisfied” with trade talks with China and confirmed the U.S. was preparing additional tariffs because Beijing’s economic reforms were moving in the wrong direction. But even if the trump leadership had given a clear policy direction as to its ultimate targets in trade negotiations, apparently to date People's_Republic_of_China has not given the US any indication that it will address the U.S. core complaints on the theft of intellectual property and forced technology transfers. Unless capitalist powers can keep finding new markets abroad to soak up the surplus, Nikolai_Lenin theorized, they would face an economic implosion, throwing millions out of work, bankrupting thousands of companies and wrecking their financial systems. Two recent examples are the Commerce Department’s decision to expand antidumping (“AD”) and countervailing duty (“CVD”) orders on hardwood plywood to cover ready to assemble cabinets sold to the construction industry and the problem of third country/Canadian imports. US-China Trade War: An Inevitable Conflict and The Impact on Equities, FX By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site. For China, it can no longer rely on high growth rates that it enjoyed for decades; the need for industrial upgrading and developing new momentum, such as high-technologies, has become inevitable. Equities: The trade war will drag down global stock prices as companies will bear higher costs from increased tariffs, reduced demand and elevated uncertainties and risks of their businesses in the future. The Central bar may adjust liquidity temporarily with short-term tools to curb financial risks, but interest rate increases are unlikely. Capital may flow to JPY or CHF-denominated assets amid reduced risk appetite that draws greater scepticism over the stability of traditional havens like the Dollar. Brazilian producers are not only selling more grain, their soy is fetching $2.83 more per bushel than beans from the United States, up from a premium of just $0.60 a year ago, thanks to stepped up Chinese purchases. But for the time being, trump trade policies are handing precious market share, money and momentum to Brazil, the joined States’ most formidable agricultural competitor. Slideshow (30 Images)Major employers in Luís Eduardo, as most locals call the city, include fertilizer factories, seed producers and processors of soy and cotton. The John Deere dealership in Luís Eduardo saw its sales rise fifteen percent in two thousand and seventeen and is expecting double-digit growth again this year, managing partner Chico Flores Oliveira said. Brazil’s total soy area is expected to expand to a record thirty-six point two eight million hectares this season due to robust Chinese demand, according to a Reuters poll of analysts. The Real Stakes of the USA China Trade War - Australian National Review Long Guoqiang, vice president of the Development Research Center of the State Council, in a recent statement reflecting the current view of the Chinese government and party, declared that what he accurately calls“strategic containment” is a central American aim with the trade war. He argues this is being done by “interests extortion” such as threatening trade wars or actually going through with them to force the opening of markets, with the aim of attacking the Chinese “state capitalism” model of development to preserve American hegemony. This time, China, whose current trade surpluses are to a large extent derived from Chinese production on license for Apple, GM and countless other US and EU companies for re-export, is determined to become as soon as possible a self-sufficient high-technology economy, no longer dependent on access to critical US technologies such as computer processors. It’s understandable, especially in light of recent crippling sanctions against key Chinese electronics leaders Huawei and ZTE, that China would read the Washington handwriting or more precisely political graffiti on the Great Wall. A further indication of growing common defenses against likely US financial warfare escalations, Japan and Red_China have just agreed to renew bilateral currency swap agreements originally instituted in two thousand and two in the wake of the Asia crisis to better defend against speculative attacks.
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