Cervical Cancer Cancer Support Community
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HPV is the name for a group of more than one hundred related viruses; those that cause cancer are called “high risk” HP Vs. An HPV infection is usually passed from person to person through vaginal, anal or oral sex; however, all that is needed is skin-to-skin contact with someone infected. To reduce the risk of cervical cancer, doctors recommend regular Pap tests. Once you learn the results of the tests or procedures, you will be able to work with your health care team to make thoughtful decisions.
Cervical cancerHPV vaccineCervical screeningPap testCervical cancer stagingCervix
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HPV is the name for a group of more than one hundred related viruses; those that cause cancer are called “high risk” HPVs. An HPV infection is usually passed from person to person through vaginal, anal or oral sex; however, all that is needed is skin-to-skin contact with someone infected. Women may have HPV but never develop cervical cancer. Women who have HPV plus one or more risk factors have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. parturition Control Pills – Long-term use of birth control pills may increase the risk of cervical cancer. The risk increases the longer a woman takes birth control pills but the risk decreases after she stops. Chlamydia Infection – Women who have a past or current chlamydia infection are at greater risk for cancer of the cervix. Diet – Diets low in fruits and vegetables are linked to an increased risk of cervical cancer. diethylstilbestrol (DES) – Daughters of women who took DES during pregnancy have a higher risk. DES is a hormone drug that was used between 1940 and 1971 to prevent miscarriages. Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) – Research shows that people living with HIV may be more vulnerable to cervical cancer because their immune systems are less able to fight both HPV and early cancers. multiple Pregnancies/Early pregnancy – A woman who has had three or more full-term pregnancies has an increased risk of this cancer. Women who were younger than 17 years when they had their first full-term pregnancy are almost twice as likely to develop cervical cancer later in life. Smoking – Women who smoke are twice as likely to get cervical cancer. Signs and Symptoms early cervical cancers normally do not cause symptoms. As the cancer grows, a woman may notice one or more of these symptoms: Abnormal vaginal Bleeding – Bleeding that occurs between regular menstrual periods, after sexual intercourse, after douching, after a pelvic exam or after menopause. Menstrual Period Irregularity/Increased Vaginal Discharge – A period that lasts longer or is heavier than before or an increase in vaginal discharge. pelvic pain /Pain During Sex – Increases in pelvic pain or pain during sex can be a symptom of cervical cancer. Diagnosis Early cervical cancer usually does not cause symptoms. To reduce the risk of cervical cancer, doctors recommend regular Pap tests. These tests, also called Pap smears or cervical smears, can find abnormal cells that can lead to cervical cancer. finding and treating these abnormal cells early can prevent most cervical cancer. During a Pap test, a doctor or nurse scrapes a sample of cells from the cervix. A lab checks the cells for abnormalities or HPV infection. Once you learn the results of the tests or procedures, you will be able to work with your health care team to make thoughtful decisions. If a woman has abnormal Pap results, the doctor will use one or more of the following tests to make a diagnosis: Colposcopy – The doctor looks at the cervix with a colposcope, a tool with a bright light and magnifying lens. biopsy – A tissue sample is removed and examined under a microscope for abnormal cells. There are several types of biopsies:Punch Biopsy – A sharp tool is used to pinch off samples of tissue from the cervix. This free text article has been written automatically with the Text Generator Software https://www.artikelschreiber.com/en/ - Try it for yourself!